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Sezione italiana del movimento internazionale “We Are Church” per la riforma della Chiesa cattolica

Le riflessioni del teologo australiano Paul Collins sull’interdetto a Martha Heizer

In face of the shortage of priests in the world Paul Collins argues the excommunication of the Leader of International Movement We Are Church is iniquitous (from www.catholica.com.au)

Dr Paul Collins and his wife, Marilyn, know the recently ‘excommunicated’ leader of the International Movement We Are Church, Dr Martha Heiser, well. Marilyn through her work with OCW (Ordination of Catholic Women) and Paul worked with her on media at the last two Papal Conclaves. In this report and commentary he suggests the ‘excommunication’ of Dr Heiser by an Austrian Bishop is ‘iniquitous’ given the world-wide crisis the Catholic Church is facing in having enough priests to minister to even a declining participating congregation.
Founded in 1995 in Austria in the wake of the Cardinal Hermann Gröer sexual abuse scandal, the International Movement Wir sind Kirche [We are Church (IMWAC)] is one of the largest and most important renewal movements in the Catholic church, with active groups in more than 25 countries. In Australia Catholics for Ministry (CfM) is affiliated with IMWAC and shares its ideals and works co-operatively with it. CfM shared much of the media work with the IMWAC leadership through two papal elections (2005 and 2013), with plans to co-operate again during the Synod on the Family in Rome in October this year.

However, on 21 May 2014 Dr Martha Heiser, President of IMWAC, was informed by the Bishop of Innsbruck, Manfred Scheuer, that she and her husband Gert had been formally excommunicated because for several years they had celebrated the Eucharist without a priest in their home. While essentially the excommunication was levied by Scheuer, it was issued with the approval of Cardinal Gerhard Müller, Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (formerly the Roman Inquisition). According to Austria’s Kathweb ‘Pope Francis was reportedly not informed personally about the procedure.’ This has been confirmed by Martha Heiser who says that ‘the pope was not involved.’
Excommunication ‘rejected’…
Martha and Gert Heiser have rejected the excommunication and intend to continue their work for the church. They have been quite public about their home Eucharist, and the disagreement with Scheuer has dragged on for two and a half years. The involvement of Müller indicates that the CDF Prefect is using this incident as a way of attacking IMWAC, in an attempt to weaken its influence.
While Scheuer has been supported by Cardinal Christoph Schonbörn of Vienna, the excommunication has been met with widespread criticism across Europe and Latin America. Among the critics has been the Austrian Priests Initiative led by Father Helmut Schüller. The priests say that Martha and Gert Heiser ‘have worked for the reform of the Church with great passion, commitment and energy.’
They point out that ‘fewer and fewer communities have the option of a Eucharistic celebration with an ordained priest being present. Martha and Gert Heiser are touching a sore spot: the Eucharist, the Mass, the central celebration of our faith and of life as a community, is becoming increasingly rare due to the shortage of priests. For this reason Church reform movements have advocated for a long time that the priesthood should be open to married men and women and that … new forms of leading communities should be developed. The Priests Initiative points out that ‘the penalty is not only completely out of proportion, but shows the inability of the leadership of our Church to settle differences of opinion and conflicts in accordance with the gospel and in a kind and loving way.’

Perhaps the most iniquitous aspect of Scheuer’s action is that while Catholics like the Martha and Gert Heiser are ‘excommunicated’ for following Jesus’ teaching that ‘where two or three are gathered in my name, there am I in the midst of them’, not a single priest child abuser has been excommunicated by any bishop or pope anywhere.
Given the proliferation of all types of home liturgical celebrations, including Eucharistic celebrations, by faithful Catholics across the world, including Australia, bishops who followed Scheuer’s example would have their work cut out running around ‘excommunicating’ people. Catholics are taking matters into their own hands precisely because there are not enough priests due to the celibacy requirement.
2014 milestone: half the priests in Australia ‘foreign born and trained’…
The shortage of priests is vividly illustrated in Australia by the fact that our bishops continue to import priests from developing countries that themselves are short of priests, and that this year, 2014, Australia will pass the 50% mark: that is 50% of all priests working in Australian parishes will be foreign born, most of them not trained in Australia and completely unprepared for ministry in a society very different to their own.
Perhaps Pope Francis has given Martha and Gert Heiser the best advice when he told the Latin American Conference of Religious that hierarchs like Scheuer and Müller ‘will make mistakes, they will make a blunder, this will pass! Perhaps even a letter of the Congregation for the Doctrine [of the Faith] will arrive for you, telling you that you said such or such thing. … But don’t worry. Explain whatever you have to explain, but move forward.’ This is exactly what Martha Heiser has said she will do.
In other words, in the end it won’t be Bishop Scheuer or Cardinal Müller who will judge anyone; it will be God who reads hearts, minds and consciences. Ironically the so-called ‘excommunication’ could be reversed: perhaps Scheuer and Müller have, by their actions, actually excommunicated themselves from the mainstream of the Church community?
Paul Collins, submitted to Catholica, 02 Jun 2014

Paul Collins is an historian, broadcaster and writer. A Catholic priest for thirty-three years, he resigned from the active priestly ministry in 2001 due to a dispute with the Vatican over his book Papal Power (1997). He has also worked in varying capacities in TV and radio with the ABC since 1986, and for three years was Specialist Editor- Religion. He is also often heard on SBS and commercial radio and TV. He is the author of thirteen books.



4 risposte a “Le riflessioni del teologo australiano Paul Collins sull’interdetto a Martha Heizer”

  1. Avatar cristina

    Ho molta stima per oi siamo chiesa e per i suoi fondatori ma vorrei capire il vero motivo della scomuica.Si trattava solo di ua messa i famiglia con ostie già consacrate da u sacerdote, oppure i due coiugi consacravano loro stessi le ostie? Nel secondo caso sinceramente la cosa mi crea qualche difficoltà.E’ vero che con la carenza di preti, specialmente nei luoghi più sperduti dell’America Latina o dell’Africa è giusto dare a persone degne di fede l’incarico di commentare la parola di Dio e distribuire le ostie ma quelle già consacrate da un sacerdote .Nel caso contrario qual è la funzione del sacerdote?

    1. Avatar admin

      Cara Cristina, non si tratta di una messa con ostie già consacrate ma della prassi di molte comunità di base di ritenere, dopo una lunga ricerca teologica ed un lungo dibattito, che sia la comunità a recitare insieme il passaggio centrale della celebrazione eucaristica. Poi c’è chi è riconosciuto da tutti i presenti come colui che guida la celebrazione (ma insieme a tutti/tutte) Nella Chiesa è probabile che, nei prossimi decenni, si vada in questa direzione insieme a una riduzione della distinzione tra prete e laico. L’Eucaristia deve essere possibile e offerta a ogni battezzato e in modo che la sua partecipazione sia un fatto di fede e non di convenienza e di abitudine. E un modo di celebrare l’Eucaristia che le attuali norme canoniche non consentono. Il problema è il Vangelo che precede tutto

      Vittorio Bellavite

  2. Avatar cristina

    Caro Vittorio
    quello che dici è molto bello ma non pensi che ci possa essere il pericolo che si formino sette o comunque comunità chiuse tipo clubs?

    1. Avatar admin

      Il rischio può esserci, non c’è dubbio. Ma in genere chi va nella direzione di forme nuove di pensare all’Eucaristia ha un forte senso della comunità che lo preserva da derive di tipo individualistico. Del resto o si innova e si cercano i fondamenti dell’Evangelo oppure l’abbandono strisciante della Chiesa aumenta

      Shalom Vittorio Bellavite

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